The Death Penalty for Heresy from 1184 to 1921 AD by George Coulton

“Between schism and heresy, as Aquinas himself argues, the difference is often merely a difference of words; and he maintains that the schismatic, like the heretic, may be punished not only with excommunication but also the secular arm (death).” -from the Introduction

Level of Difficulty: Primer: No prior subject matter knowledge needed.


  • About the Lutheran Library
  • Part 1. Preface
  • Part 2. Aquinas and Heretics-Born
  • Part 3. Epilogue
  • Appendices
    1. Canons of Faith and Canons of Discipline
    1. Innocent III and the Greeks
    1. The Greek Protest
    1. Heretics-Born and the Inquisition
    1. Aquinas and Heresy
    1. Benedict XIV’s Decision
    1. de Luca’s Book
    1. Papal Letter to the Author
    1. No Salvation outside the Church
    1. The New Codex
    1. The Irish Episcopate and Infallibility
    1. Lord Acton on the Death Penalty
    1. Roman Catholic Pleas for Emancipation
    1. Archbishop Wake and Reunion
    1. Vermeersch
    1. Letter in “The Church Times

Publication Information

  • Lutheran Library edition first published: 2024
  • Copyright: CC BY 4.0