The Error of Modern Missouri Part 1: The Present Controversy

Towards the end of his life, C. F. W. Walther brought forth a teaching of election which many Missouri and other American Lutherans could not reconcile with the Scriptures or the Lutheran Confessions. The resulting “Predestination Controversy” split the Lutheran Church.

No True Lutheran Has Ever Claimed That Faith Is a Work

This is a diversion used to discredit and take attention away from the Scriptural and Historical arguments, which Missouri has never adequately answered.

“When the Reformed theologian Beza raised the objection: ‘It is false that foreseen faith is the cause of predestination or of the elect, for this is the doctrine of Pelagius,’ he [Chemnitz] answered:

‘Faith in Christ is not a work of nature or of our human powers, but the work of the Holy Spirit. Therefore, when we teach that faith in Christ is the cause of the eternal election of God unto adoption, it is by no means related to the Pelagian heresy; for the Pelagians attributed to human powers what the Holy Spirit alone can produce and work.’”

The Lutheran Church Unanimous

“Since the publication of the Formula of Concord, for some 300 years, the Lutheran Church has unanimously held that the doctrine of our Confession and of the following teachers of our Church harmonized perfectly also in the article of predestination. Modern Missourians are the first “Lutherans” who assert the contrary; it is to be hoped that they will also be the last.”

This book is part 1 of Walther and the Predestination Controversy or The Error of Modern Missouri

Summary Book Contents

  • Introduction.

  • I. The Present Controversy on Predestination

    • I. Historical Introduction.
    • II. The Formula Of Concord And The Old Lutheran Dogmaticians.
    • III. The Doctrine Of Predestination In The Missouri Synod.
      • A. Before The Year 1877.
      • B. The Synodical Report Of The Western District For The Year 1877.
      • C. The Synodical Report Of The Western District For The Year 1879.
      • D. Altes und Neues And Lehre und Wehre Before The General Pastoral Conference At Chicago In The Autumn Of 1890.
      • E. The General Pastoral Conference In The Autumn Of 1880.
      • F. After The Pastoral Conference In The Autumn Of 1880.
      • G. Comparative Summary.
        • 1 What Is Predestination?
        • 2 What Has God Regarded In Election?
        • 3 What Is The Relation Especially Of Faith To Election?
        • 4 In What Sense Does The Formula Of Concord Speak Of Election?
        • 5 Is Man’s Conversion And Salvation In Every Sense Independent Of His Conduct?
        • 6 May We Speak Of Man’s Decision Or “Self-Determination” In Conversion?
        • 7 What Is The Difference Between The Lutheran And The Reformed Doctrine Of Election?
        • 8 How Must The Doctrine Of The Dogmaticians Of The Seventeenth Century Be Regarded?
        • 9 How Is The Doctrine Of Modern Missouri To Be Regarded?
      • H. Appendix: An Ally Of Modern Missouri In Germany.
    • IV. The Doctrine Of Predestination In The Ohio Synod.
  • The Predestination Controversy: How It Happened.

    • How the Predestination Controversy “Broke Out”

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Publication Information

  • Lutheran Library edition first published: 2018-06-05
  • Updated: 2019-10-03 (v5)
  • Copyright: CC BY 4.0